Data shows that almost 1.5 million people per year have to be hospitalized for a urinary tract infection (UTI). Women are the most susceptible to UTIs due to female anatomy. UTIs are typically limited to the bladder which leaves the patient with pain. Serious consequences occur when the UTI spreads to the kidneys; hence it is important to get care as soon as possible.
What causes UTIAlmost everyone has some risk of getting a UTI but some people are more prone to getting UTIs than others:
- Anyone with an abnormality of the urinary tract that obstructs the flow of urine such as a a kidney stone or enlarged prostate
- People with diabetes or problems with the body’s natural defense system
- Sexual activity that can move microbes from the bowel or vaginal cavity to the urethral opening.
- Use of catheters, or tubes, placed in the urethra and bladder. Catheters interfere with the body’s ability to clear microbes from the urinary tract.
- People with spinal cord injuries or other nerve damage near the bladder may have a difficult time emptying their bladder completely and bacteria can grow and stay in the bladder.