The relationship between diet and prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. Although the five-year survival rate for prostate cancer is nearly 99 percent when found and treated early, research indicates that a healthy diet may help prevent this cancer from developing. Common risk factors for prostate cancer include: being over age 65, having a family history of prostate cancer, being African American, and being obese. Newer research suggests that a poor diet may also add to that list. Once a man has prostate cancer, diet may affect how quickly cancer
grows and if it comes back after a man has been treated. Men who consume a lot of red meat or high-fat dairy products have a slightly higher chance of getting prostate cancer, according to the American Cancer Society
. Men at risk for prostate cancer also tend to eat fewer fruits and vegetables, however, doctors are not sure which of these factors is responsible for raising the risk.
Some studies have linked eating a lot of animal fat to a higher risk of prostate cancer
. And researchers believe it might be the way that the animal fat is cooked that makes a difference. Several studies have suggested that diets high in certain vegetables (including tomatoes, cruciferous vegetables, soy, beans, and other legumes) or fish may be linked with a lower risk of prostate cancer, especially more advanced cancers. These types of food contain a variety of phytochemicals that promote health
. Prostate cancer is treatable, but it is also highly preventable. To prevent prostate cancer, men should eat a balanced and healthy diet with plenty of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, nuts, and legumes. Low-fat dairy products, fish, and poultry may also be consumed in moderation.
Talk to your physician about ordering a PSA blood test to determine your PSA levels