In 2011, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended against using PSA testing as a means to screen men for prostate cancer. In response, the American Urology Association (AUA) provided their own recommendations and guidelines and they are delineate below for your review.
What is Prostate-Specific Antigen?The Prostate-Specific Antigetn (PSA) is produced by the prostate. A simple blood test measures the amount of PSA and high levels may suggest the presence of prostate cancer.
Is the PSA Test Effective?If you are a male and have an average risk of prostate cancer, you should get a PSA blood test. It is recommended that you get tested in the following schedule according to the American Urology Association – please note you should discuss this testing with your physician for individualized consultation:
- Under age 40 : PSA screening is not recommended
- Ages 40-54 and at average risk: Routine PSA screening is not recommended
- Under age 55 at higher risk (family history or African American): The decision should be discussed with your physician as to the frequency of this test.
- Ages 55-59 : This age group tends to get the most benefit from having a PSA blood test done. Routine screening is recommended every two years.
- Ages 70+ : Rountine PSA screening is not recommended although some men over the age of 70 may benefit from prostate cancer screenings.