The Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) is produced by the prostate. A simple blood test measures the amount of PSA and high levels may suggest the presence of prostate cancer. If you are a male, have an average risk of prostate cancer, and are over 40 years old, you should get a PSA blood test. According to the American Urology Association, the following is a general schedule for when you should get tested– please note you should discuss this testing with your physician for individualized consultation:
- Under age 40: PSA screening is not recommended
- Ages 40-54 and at average risk: Routine PSA screening is not recommended (note: this decision has been debated by physicians so check with your health care provider)
- Under age 55 at higher risk (family history or African American): The decision should be discussed with your physician as to the frequency of this test.
- Ages 55-59: This age group tends to get the most benefit from having a PSA blood test done. Routine screening is recommended every two years.
- Ages 70+: Routine PSA screening is not recommended although some men over the age of 70 may benefit from prostate cancer screenings.