Female Hormone Package
- Testosterone, Total
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
- Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
- Metabolic Panel
- Complete Blood Count
Preparation: Unless you are diabetic or pregnant, you should fast for 12 hours prior to your blood draw. While fasting, do drink plenty of water and continue with prescribed medication.
For a thorough discussion and breakout of each of the 4 tests that comprise this Package, please click the additional detail tab for more information.
Lab Results: Please allow 1-2 days for results.
If using a testosterone cream please be sure you have not rubbed any into the antecubital area of your arm for the last 24 hours as it can give elevated results.
Sample of Female Hormones Package test
Testosterone, Total is a sex hormone produced mainly in men, but also in women. It effects sexual drive and function as well as sexual and nonsexual characteristics (muscle mass, deepness of voice, hair growth patterns, etc). This test measures total testosterone levels in your blood.
Estradiol levels are used in evaluating ovarian function. Estradiol levels are increased in cases of early (precocious) puberty in girls and gynecomastia in men. Its main use has been in the differential diagnosis of amenorrhea – for example, to determine whether the cause is menopause, pregnancy, or a medical problem. In assisted reproductive technology (ART), serial measurements are used to monitor follicle development in the ovary in the days prior to in vitro fertilization. Estradiol is also sometimes used to monitor menopausal hormone replacement therapy.
FSH levels are also useful in the investigation of menstrual irregularities and to aid in the diagnosis of pituitary disorders or diseases involving the ovaries or testes. FSH levels are used to help determine the reason a man has a low sperm count. In children, FSH and LH are used to diagnose delayed or precocious (early) puberty.
LH is often used in conjunction with other tests (FSH, testosterone, estradiol and progesterone) in the workup of infertility in both men and women. LH levels are also useful in the investigation of menstrual irregularities and to aid in the diagnosis of pituitary disorders or diseases involving the ovaries or testes.
Complete Blood Count
- White Blood Cell Count (WBC) - The infection fighting cells of the immune system found in the blood. Lowered or elevated levels may be associated with a disease process.
- Red Blood Cell Count (RBC) - Measures the number of oxygen-carrying cells in the blood. Lowered levels associated with anemia, elevated levels associated with smoking and several diseases.
- Hemoglobin (HGB) - Measures the amount of oxygen-carrying protein in the RBC. Significant increases or decreases can be seen in anemia or RBC disease.
- Hematocrit (HCT) - Measures the oxygen-carrying capability of the blood by measuring the percentage of blood made-up of red blood cells. Significant decreases are one indicator of anemia.
- MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW - Collectively called "indices", these tests measure size and other characteristics of the red blood cells. They can be used to further define the causes of an anemia state. An isolated abnormal value probably has little clinical significance, but can only be confirmed by your physician.
- Platelet Count - These are small packages of clotting materials in the blood. Too many cause problems with unnecessary clotting; too few may cause excessive bleeding. Certain conditions alter this count.
- Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Neutrophils, Eosinophils - Different types of WBCs. They may be used to evaluate allergic reactions or differentiate between bacteria, viral or parasitic infections.
This blood test is also referred to as the Comprehensive Metabolic Panel or the CMP 14 (as opposed to the Basic Metabolic Panel or BMP 8). This is a 12 hour fasting test (check with your physician before fasting if you are diabetic and/or pregnant). This test include the following:
- Glucose (sugar) - diabetes screen
- Urea Nitrogen (BUN): A waste product of the liver excreted by the kidneys. High values may indicate kidney malfunction and/or dehydration
- Creatinine: This is a waste product of muscle metabolism that is discarded by the kidney. It is elevated in kidney disease, muscle wasting disease, and sometimes the day after strenuous physical exercise.
- BUN/Creatinine Ratio: Both BUN and creatinine are elevated in kidney failure, but they are elevated differently depending on the cause of the failure. This ratio helps determine the type of kidney failure.
- Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride: "Electrolytes" help make up the salt balance and acid/base balance in the body. They can be affected by diuretics or water pills, high blood pressure, heart failure, kidney and lung disease. The balance among these elements is important for proper functioning of the heart and brain.
- Carbon Dioxide: Part of the electrolyte pane used to detect, evaluate and monitor electrolyte imbalances.
- Calcium: screens for range of conditions relating to the bones, heart, nerves, kidneys, and teeth. Blood calcium levels do not directly tell how much calcium is in the bones, but rather, how much total calcium or ionized calcium is circulating in the blood.
- Albumin, Globulin and Total Protein: Measures the amount and type of protein in your blood. They are a useful index of overall health and nutrition. Abnormal results are an indicator of under nutrition, liver or kidney disease, cirrhosis, multiple meyloma, sarcoid, amyloid, lupus, and/or major infections. Globulin is the "antibody" protein important for fighting disease. If one of these values is high, but the other values are within expected ranges, the result is probably not significant, but only your physician can confirm this.
- Alkaline Phosphatase: A bone and liver enzyme. High values are associated with liver and gall-bladder disease. Expect to see higher values in adolescents and pregnant or breast feeding women. Low values are probably not significant, but can only be confirmed by your physician.
- Bilirubin: Primary pigment in bile. It is derived from hemoglobin and processed by the liver, and builds up when the liver is functioning poorly or when some other disorder reduces the normal flow of bile. It is increased also when there has been destruction of red blood cells.
- AST & ALT: Injury to cells releases these enzymes into the blood. Liver disease and heart attacks, as well as serious physical injury can cause elevation of these values. Low values are probably not significant, but can only be confirmed by your physician.
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